We have already discussed a dual creative principle, masculine and feminine, from which the other gods originaicd by the process of generation. Their names indicate this duality: Ometecuhtli means "Two Lord," and Omecihuatl, "Two Lady," and both resided in Omtycan, "the place two". They were also called "the lord and lady of our flesh and sustenance" and were represented by symbols of fertility and adorned by ears of corn, for they were the origin of generation and the lord and mistress of food.

Moreover, they appear associated with the first day of the ritual calendar, thr Alligator, representative of the earth, as patrons of that day. This association indicates that they belong to a very old mythical tradition, since, as has been shown elsewhere, the ritual calendar existed in Mexico and Central America centuries before Christ.

This is not only case which demonstrates that the Aztec religion was, in very majority of its concepts, a collection of ideas and practices. Indeed, some of these are so old that they are associated with the first appearance of sedentary cultures in Mesoamerica.

According to one of the versions that have down thus, these two gods, Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl-also called Tonacatecuhtli and Tonacacihuatl-had four sons to whom they entrusted the creation of the other gods, the world, and man.

Tonacacihuatl, "Two Lady"

The four sons of primitive divine pair were the Red Tezcatlipoca, also called Xipe and Camaxtle;

Red Tezcatlipoca, also called
Xipe and Camaxtle

the Black Tezcatlipoca, commonly called Tezcatlipoca; Quetzacoatl, god of wind and life; and Huitzilopochtli, the Blue Tezcatlipoca.

Black Tezcatlipoca, commonly called Tezcatlipoca; and Huitzilopochtli, the Blue Tezcatlipoca